The Department of Ceramic Engineering is celebrating its Centenary throughout the year 2024 by organizing various technical talks, symposia, alumni meets and conferences. The founder of Banaras Hindu University, Bharat Ratna Mahamana Pandit Mandan Mohan Malviya Ji has started courses in Glass and Ceramic Technology as early as 1924 with the noble objective of advancing glass and ceramic technology in India. In the year 1956, the Departments of Glass Technology and Ceramic Technology were merged to form the Department of Silicate Technology, offering a 4-Year degree course by injecting into its curriculum balanced engineering and scientific contents.
Sintering and micro-structural studies of refractory oxides like Al2O3, ZrO2, Mgo, Cr2O3 etc. are carried out to attain the maximum sintered densities and desirable microstructure so that optimum refractory properties are obtained in the end product.
Valence compensated solid solution systems of the type A1-xAx'B1-xB'xO3 show interesting electrical and dielectric properties. Valence compensated perovskites are formed by substituting the cations at A and B site with heterovalent cations in equivalent amounts to maintain electrical charge neutrality and to reduce the electrical strains in the crystal structure.
Developments of alternative energy technologies are important to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels and effective utilization of renewable energy sources.
During the last two decades ceramic materials have become widely used in many medical applications, hip prosthesis, cardiac valves and dental implants. Hydroxyapatite (Hap) seems to be the most appropriate ceramic material for artificial teeth or bones due to excellent biocompatibility and bioactivity