marshal.bme's picture
Dr. Marshal
Associate Professor
School of Biomedical Engineering
marshal.bme@iitbhu.ac.in
9652013844
Area of Interest: 
Biophyiscs, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Stem Cell Reprogramming, Biosensors, Bio-MEMS, Nano-medicine, Plasma Physics

Education   

  • Ph.D., University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), Manchester, England, 2004
    Thesis: Plasma treatment and deposition of polymeric materials with applications in life science.
    Thesis Advisor: Professor James W. Bradley
     
    M.Sc., University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India, April 1999
    Research Project: Development of a plastic scintillation detectors for β-ray detection.
    Project Advisor: Professor Y.K. Vijay
     
    B.Sc., University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India, July 1993 (College Topper)

Employment   

Associate Professor, July 2017 – Present
School of Biomedical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology (B.H.U.), Varanasi, India
 
Senior Scientist, 2013 – Present (on lien since 4th July 2017)
CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad, India
 
Scientist, 2009 – 2013
CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad, India
 
Senior Fellow, 2008 – 2009
Department of Bioengineering
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
 
Scientist Fellow, 2006 – 2008
CSIR- National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi, India
 
Research Professor, 2004 – 2006
Biology Research Center for Industrial Accelerators
Dongshin University, Naju, South Korea
 

Positions of Responsibility

Convener, Department Undergraduate Committee (DUGC), School of Biomedical Engineering, IIT (BHU)
Convener, Exploratory Project, School of Biomedical Engineering, IIT (BHU) 
Committee Member, MEMS/NEMS Technical Group, American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium & Exhibition, USA.
Editor-in-Chief, Advanced Electrochemistry published by American Scientific Publishers, USA (2013-2016).
Editorial Advisory Board Member, The Open Electrochemistry Journal published by Bentham Open, 2008.
Guest Editor, Journal of Scientific Conference Proceedings published by American Scientific Publishers (Volume 1), 2008.
Scientific Advisory Board Member, 5th Anniversary Congress of International Drug Discovery Science and Technology: Advances and Challenges Toward Major Diseases, China, 2007.
Guest Editor, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology published by American Scientific Publishers (Volume 2), 2006.
Program Chair, MEMS/NEMS Technical Group, American Vacuum Society (AVS) 53rd International Symposium, San Francisco, CA, USA, November 2006.
Chair, Nano Biomaterial and Biotechnology Session, International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Gawanju, Korea, 2005.
President, UMIST India Society, Manchester, England (2001-2003).

Short Visits for Research Collaboration and Talks

Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST), Okinawa, Japan, 2015
In the laboratory of Professor Mukhles Ibrahim Sowwan.
 
University of Aveiro, Portugal, Europe (2011)
In the laboratory of Professor Sushil Kumar Mendiratta, Department of Physics
 
University of Bristol, England (2011)
In the laboratory of Professor Mervyn Miles, Centre for Nanoscience and Quantum Information, Department of Physics.
 
Chonnam National University, Gawanju, South Korea (2010)
In the laboratory of Professor HB Gu, Department of Electrical Engineering.
 
Washington State University, USA (2009)
In the laboratory of Professor Susmita Bose, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
 
Chonnam National University, Gawanju, South Korea (2008)
In the laboratory of Professor HB Gu, Department of Electrical Engineering.
 
Stanford University, USA (2006)
In the laboratory of Professor Yoshio Nishi at Stanford Nanofabrication Facility.
 
University of Louisville, USA (2006)
Department of Physics and Chemistry, University of Louisville.
 
University of California, Berkeley, USA (2003)
In the laboratory of Professor Michael A. Lieberman, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA (2003)
In the laboratory of Professor Ian H. Hutchinson, Plasma Science & Fusion Center.
 
Research Centre Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany (2001)
In the laboratory of Professor Miller at Institute, Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research.

Scholarship

Young Scientist Award from Society for Biomaterials and Artificial Organs (India) in XXVII National Conference and the 6th Asian Biomaterials Congress with a them ‘Innovative Biomaterials: Technologies for Life and Society’ October 2017.
 
PhD Fellowship, at UMIST from Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Project.
 
Qualified Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) 1999, national level competitive examination in India for research fellowship .
 
Qualified Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and National Eligibility Test for the lectureship from CSIR, 2000.
 
Qualified GATE from IITs, 2000.

PhD Student

Miss Juhi Jaiswal (M.Tech in Biomedical Engg from IIIT-A) 

Project JRF

Mr. Devdutt Sharma , M.Tech

B.Tech/IDD/M.Tech Students

Mr. Vidush Agrawal (IDD, School of Biomedical Engineering)
Mr. Arshad Kazi (IDD, School of Biomedical Engineering)
Mr. Ravi Kumar Gadwal (IDD, School of Biochemical Engineering)
Mr.
Lekkala Sashank (B.Tech, Department of Mechanical Engineering)

Trainee Students

Mr. Indranil Singh (Amity University, Gwalior)

Mr. Ravi Kumar Gadwal (IDD, School of Biochemical Engineering)

Alumni

Miss Rinki Verma (IIT(BHU))
Miss Abhilasha (Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, Varanasi)

Externally Funded Projects at IIT (BHU)
  1. Nanoparticles Supported Self Assembled Conducting Polymer Monolayer Based Platform for Rapid Detection of Monosodium Glutamate in Food Products, From Department of Biotechnology (Govt of India) in Collobration with Dr Raju Khan, Senior Scientist at CSIR- North East Institute of Science & Technology, Jorhat, Assam (Total project cost 89.32 Lakhs from 2017-2020).
  2. Transcell Biologics, Hyderabad, donate stem cell based platforms worth 7.5 lakhs INR to establish certain standard operating procedures and research on biomaterials scaffolding.
     
Institutional Funds at IIT (BHU)
To establish a stem cell laboratory at School of Biomedical Engineering, seed fund of Rs. 10 lakh from IIT (BHU)
 
Previous (2009-2017) Research Grants (of total over Rs. 200 Lakhs)
  1. Functional and structural modification in metal oxide materials for bone implants (2012-2017, CSIR Network Project, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India).
  2. Developing functional materials by electrochemical polymerization of natural glycans for stem cells biology and regenerative medicine. (2012-2015, CSIR Network Project, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India).
  3. Development of gold micro-electrode array with nanometer size opening for use in biosensor at physiological conditions (2010-2014, Department of Biotechnology, Govt of India).
  4. Developing reference methods for assessing the toxic effects of engineering nanomaterials, funding by EU Seventh Framework Program (FP7) (2011-2013).
  5. Surface Enhance Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) for ultrasensitive detection of biomolecules in collaboration with Professor Sushil Kumar Mendiratta, Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, Portugal, Europe (2010-2013, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India).
  6. Cost effective novel metal oxide doped TiO2 for tissue regenerative engineering (2009-2012, Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India).
Awards
Dr Marshal (PI) awarded Young Scientist Award from Society for Biomaterials and Artificial Organs (India) in XXVII National Conference and the 6th Asian Biomaterials Congress with a them ‘Innovative Biomaterials: Technologies for Life and Society’ October 2017.
 
Book
Book Chapter 
AK Khan, SK Vishwakarma, A Bardia, Md. A Habeeb, Marshal Dhayal, Repopulation of Cirrohotic Liver by Hepatic Stem/Progenitor Cells: A promising Strategy Alternative to Liver Transplantation, Liver Pathophysiology: Therapies & Antioxidants (Edited by Pablo Muriel), 2017, 817-836.
 
Patents
  1. US Patent US20160263657 A1
  2. EU Patent WO2015063794 A2
  3. Indian Patent PCT/IN2014/000695
  4. Indian Patent Number: 240394

Publications after Joining IIT (BHU)

(1) SK Vishwakarma, P Sharmila, A Bardia, L Chandrakala, N. Raju, Sravani G, B.V.S. Sastry, Md. A Habeeb, AK Khan, Marshal Dhayal, Use of Biocompatible Sorafenib-gold Nanoconjugates for Reversal of Drug Resistance in Human Hepatoblatoma Cells, Scientific Report (Nature Publishing Group), 7, 8539 2017.
 

Conferences

  1. Juhi Jaiswal, Lagan Pathania, KK Mahto, Kazi Arshad Aslam, Marshal Dhayal, ‘Biocompatible metal ion impregnated polymeric nanocomposite films as efficient antibacterial materials’, International Conference on Nano Science and Technology (ICONSAT-2018), March 2018.
  2. Lagan Pathania, Juhi Jaiswal and Marshal Dhayal, ‘Time-dependent investigation on the agglomeration of Hydroxyapatite nano-particles and its 2D-coating’, International Conference on Nano Science and Technology (ICONSAT-2018), March 2018.
  3.  Kaushal Kumar Mahato, Kyong Hee Park, Nira Misra, Marshal Dhayal, ‘Surface Modification of Graphene Oxide Via Chemical Reduction Process for Biomedical Applications’, XXVII National Conference and the 6th Asian Biomaterials Congress with a them ‘Innovative Biomaterials: Technologies for Life and Society’ October 2017.

Previous Publications

  1.  K Dave and Marshal Dhayal, Fluorometric estimation of amino acids interaction with colloidal suspension of FITC functionalized graphene oxide nanoparticles, Applied Surface Science 396, (2017) 978-985.
  2. J Gopinath, KH Park, SJ Kim, V Santosh, AVS Sainath, Marshal Dhayal, Phenanthroline-based ruthenium complexes for enhanced charge transportation in solvent-free ionic liquid electrolyte, Journal of Materials Science 52 (17), (2017) 10545-10556.
  3. M Trinadh, K Govindaraj, V Santosh, Marshal Dhayal and AVS Sainath, Synthesis of PEO-based di-block glycopolymers at various pendant spacer lengths of glucose moiety and their in-vitro biocompatibility with MC3T3 cells, Designed Monomers and Polymer 19(1) (2016) 24-33. 
  4. K Dave, KH Park and Marshal Dhayal, Characteristics of ultrasonication assisted assembly of gold nanoparticles in hydrazine reduced graphene oxide, RSC Advances 5(130) (2015) 107348-107354. 
  5. K Dave, KH Park and Marshal Dhayal, Tow-step Process for Programmable Removal of Oxygen Functionality of Graphene Oxide: Functional, Structural and Electrical Characteristics, RSC Advances 5(116) (2015) 95657-95665. 
  6. KH Park and Marshal Dhayal, 3D-nanoflowers of rutile TiO2 as a film grown on conducting and non-conducting glass substrates for in vitro biocompatibility studies with mouse MC3T3 osteoblast and human HS-5 cells, RSC Advances 5(42) (2015) 33503-33514. 
  7. M Trinadh, K Govindaraj, T Rajasekhar, Marshal Dhayal and AVS Sainath, Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene oxide)-based glycopolymers and their biocompatibility with osteoblast cells, Polymer International. 64(6) (2015) 795-803. 
  8. JW Lee, WH Cho, Marshal Dhayal and KH Park, Cerium Doped Fluorescence into TiO2 Photoelectrode for Enhancement of Electrochemical Response in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci 10 (2015) 8236-8242. 
  9. KH Park and Marshal Dhayal, Simultaneous Growth of Rutile TiO2 as 1D/3D Nanorod/Nanoflower on FTO in One-step Process Enhances Electrochemical Response of Photoanode in DSSC, Electrochemistry Communications 49 (2014) 47-50. 
  10. SV Agrawal, SS Reddy and Marshal Dhayal, Ultra small gold nanoparticles synthesis in aqueous solution and their application in fluorometric collagen estimation using bi-ligand functionalisation, RSC Advances 4(35) (2014) 18250-18256. 
  11. M Trinadh, G Kannan, T Rajasekhar, AVS Sainath and Marshal Dhayal, Synthesis of glycopolymers at various pendant spacer lengths of glucose moiety and their effects on adhesion, viability and proliferation of osteoblast cells, RSC Advances 4(70) (2014) 37400-37410. 
  12. KH Park, RR Pandey, CK Hong, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Electrochemical Characterization of Organo-Metallic Coating of TiO2 Nanoparticles with Soybean Oil Base Binders for Enzymatic Biosensors, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 196 (2014) 589-595. 
  13. Marshal Dhayal, R Kapoor, PG Sistla, RR Pandey, S Kar, KK Saini, G Pande, Strategies to Prepare TiO2 Thin Films, Doped with Transition Metal Ions, That Exhibit Specific Physicochemical Properties to Support Osteoblast Cell Adhesion and Proliferation, Materials Science and Engineering C, 37 (2014) 99-107. 
  14. R Khan, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, High Sensitivity Electrochemical Immunosensor based on plasma modified TIO2/Chitosan for ochratoxin-A detection, Advanced Electrochemistry, 1(2) (2013) 148-152. 
  15. RR Randey, Marshal Dhayal and KK Saini, Engineering Electrochemical Response of TiO2-Based Enzymatic Biosensors by Aliovalent Cation Doping, Advanced Electrochemistry 1 (2013), 62-66. 
  16. RR Randey, Marshal Dhayal and KK Saini, Modification of titanium surface states by Ruthenium to Enhance Electrochemical Response of TiO2 thin films for Biosensor Application, Adv. Electrochem. 1 (2013) 55-61. 
  17. R Sharma, R R Pandey, A A Gupta, S Kar and Marshal Dhayal, Microstructure formation in in-situ amino acids functionalized hydroxyapatite nanoparticles, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 133 (2012) 718-725. 
  18. Marshal Dhayal, R Kapoor, P G Sistla, C Kant, R R Pandey, Govind, K K Saini and G Pande, Ni doped TiO2 thin films on borosilicate glass enhance in-vitro growth and differentiation of osteoblasts, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 100A(5) (2012) 1168-1178. 
  19. RR Pandey, KK Saini, M Paul, CP Sharma, C Kant and Marshal Dhayal, Surface analysis of tungsten doped TiO2 films and its effect on photocatalytic degradation of environmental pollutants, Journal of Energy, Environment & Carbon Credits, 1(1) (2011) 26-41. 
  20. R Khan, NC Dey, AK Hazarika1, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Mycotoxin Detection on Antibody Immobilized Conducting Polymer Supported Electrochemically Polymerized Acacia Gum, Analytical Biochemistry, 410(2) (2011) 185-190. 
  21. RR Pandey, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Using Nano-Arrayed Structures in Sol-Gel Derived Mn2+ Doped TiO2 for High Sensitivity Urea Biosensor, Journal of Biosensors and Bioelectronic (2010) 1: 101. 
  22. KH Park, HB Gu, EM Jin and Marshal Dhayal, Using hybrid silica-conjugated TiO2 nanostructures to enhance the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells, Electrochimica Acta, 55 (2010) 5499–5505. 
  23. Marshal Dhayal and D Ratner, XPS and SPR analysis of glycoarray surface density, Langmuir, 25 (2009) 2181-2187. 
  24. KH Park and Marshal Dhayal, High efficiency solar cell based on dye sensitized plasma treated nanostructured TiO2 films, Electrochemistry Communications, 11(1) (2009) 75-79. 
  25. R Khan and Marshal Dhayal, Chitosan/polyaniline hybrid conducting biopolymer based immunosensor to detect ochratoxin-A, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 24 (6) (2009) 1700-1705. 
  26. R Khan and Marshal Dhayal, Nanocrystalline bioactive TiO2/chitosan impedimetric immunosensor for ochratoxin A, Electrochemistry Communications, 10 (2008) 492-495. 
  27. R Khan and Marshal Dhayal, Electrochemical studies of novel chitosan/TiO2 bioactive electrode for biosensing application, Electrochemistry Communications, 10 (2008) 263-267. 
  28. Marshal Dhayal, SI Cho, JY Moon, SJ Cho and A Zykova, S180 cell growth on low energy argon plasma treated TiO2 thin films, Applied Surface Science 254 (2008) 3331-3338. 
  29. KH Park, H Li, Marshal Dhayal, JW Lee and HB Gu, Performance improvement of dye-sensitized glass powder added TiO2 solar cells, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8 (2008) 5252–5256. 
  30. KH Park, DW Park, Marshal Dhayal and HB Gu, Electrochemical properties of liquid electrolyte added quasi-solid state TiO2 dye-sensitized solar cells, Electrochemistry Communications, 10 (2008) 1098-1100. 
  31. J Jun, Marshal Dhayal, BH Kim and HG Woo, High pressure plasma treatment for controlling the surface activity and optical properties of TiO2 nanoparticles, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8, (2008) 5537–5542. 
  32. Marshal Dhayal, SD Sharma, C Kant, KK Saini and S C Jain, Role of Ni doping in surface carbon removal and photo catalytic activity of nano-structured TiO2 film, Surface Science, 602 (2008) 1149-1154. 
  33. J Jun, Marshal Dhayal, JH Shin, YH Han and N Getoff, Enhancement of catalectic activities of Ni/Al2O3 treated with electron beam, Applied Surface Science, 252 (2008) 4557-4564. 
  34. YK Vijay, NK Acharya, V Kulshrestha, M Singh, BK Sharma, Marshal Dhayal and JS Choi, Modification in microstructured and properties of polymers by 10keV electron beam, International Journal of Nanoscience, 6(2) (2007) 167-171. 
  35. Marshal Dhayal, Using different size of grids to control the surface chemistry of plasma polymerized acrylic acid films, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 104 (2007) 2219-2224. 
  36. V Sharma, Marshal Dhayal, Govind, SM Shivaprasad and SC Jain, Surface characterization of plasma treated and PEG grafted PDMS for micro fluidic applications, Vacuum, 81 (2007) 1094-1100. 
  37. Marshal Dhayal, J Jun, HB Gu and KH Park, Modification of surface states and optical property of TiO2 thin films by low-pressure plasma treatment, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 180 (2007) 2696-2701. 
  38. SI Cho, SJ Cho, BY Kim and Marshal Dhayal, Anticancer activities of sparganium stoloniferum on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2 (2006) 125-128. 
  39. SI Cho and Marshal Dhayal, Applications of plasma polymerized acrylic acid coatings to control the growth of cancer cells (Sarcoma 180), Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2 (2006) 137-143. 
  40. Marshal Dhayal, Control of the plasma polymerized acrylic acid film surface chemistry in a two-stage discharge, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 24 (2006) 1751-1755. 
  41. Marshal Dhayal, K Awasthi, YK Vijay, DK Awasthi, Using fast atomic source and low energy plasma ions for polymer surface modification, Vacuum, 80 (2006) 643-646. 
  42. Marshal Dhayal, SY Lee and SU Park, Application of low pressure plasma for seed germination of Carthamus tinctorium L., Vacuum, 80 (2006) 499-506. 
  43. YK Vijay, Marshal Dhayal, V Kulshrestha, K Avasthi and JS Choi, Surface modification and synthesis of polymeric membrane for energy and biological applications, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2 (2006) 144-151. 
  44. Marshal Dhayal and SI Cho, Leukemia cells interaction with plasma polymerized acrylic acid coatings, Vacuum, 80 (2006) 636-642. 
  45. Marshal Dhayal, Application of low temperature substrate bonding in fabrication of reusable micro fluidic devices, Vacuum, 80 (2006) 488-493. 
  46. Marshal Dhayal and JS Choi, Control of chemical functional groups at surface of micro/nano devices using plasma polymerization process, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2 (2006) 109-115. 
  47. J Jun, JH Shin, JS Choi and Marshal Dhayal, Surface modification of TiO2 nanoparticles using electron beam radiation, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 2(2) (2006) 152-156. 
  48. Marshal Dhayal, CH So, JS Choi and J Jun, Control of bio-MEMS surface chemical properties in micro fluidic devices for biological applications, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 6 (2006) 3494-3498.  
  49. J Jun, Marshal Dhayal, JH Shin, JC Kim and N Getoff, Surface state and photoactivity of electron beam treated TiO2, Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 75 (2006) 583-589. 
  50. J Jun, JH Shin and Marshal Dhayal, Surface state of TiO2 treated with low ion energy plasma, Applied Surface Science, 252 (2006) 3871-3877. 
  51. Marshal Dhayal, MR Alexander and JW Bradley, The surface chemistry resulting from low-pressure plasma treatment of polystyrene: the effect of residual vessel bound oxygen, Applied Surface Science, 252 (2006) 7957-7963. 
  52. Marshal Dhayal, JS Choi and CH So, Biological fluid interaction with controlled surface properties of organic micro-fluidic devices, Vacuum 80(8) (2006) 876-879. 
  53. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong and JS Choi, Use of plasma polymerisation process for fabrication of bio-MEMS for micro fluidic devises, Applied Surface Science, 252 (2005) 1710-1715. 
  54. Marshal Dhayal and JW Bradley, Time-resolved electric probe measurements in the pulsed-plasma polymerisation of acrylic acid, Surface and Coating Technology, 194 (2005) 167-174. 
  55. Marshal Dhayal, KL Parry, RD Short and JW Bradley, Investigating the plasma surface modification of polystyrene at low ion powers densities, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 108 (2004) 14000-14004. 
  56. Marshal Dhayal and JW Bradley, Using heated probes in plasma polymerising discharge, Surface and Coating Technology, 184 (2004) 116-122. 
  57. Marshal Dhayal, D Forder, KL Parry, RD Short, JW Bradley, Using an afterglow plasma to modify polystyrene surfaces in pulsed radio frequency (RF) argon discharges, Surface and Coating Technology, 173-174 (2003) 872-876. 
  58. Marshal Dhayal, D Forder, RD Short and JW Bradley, Electron temperature control in low-pressure plasmas using a two-mesh-separation technique, Vacuum, 70 (2003) 67-71. 
  59. Marshal Dhayal, D Forder, RD Short, D Barton and JW Bradley, Tailored plasmas for applications in the surface treatment of materials, Surface and Coating Technology, 162 (2003) 294-300. 

Peer-reviewed Conference Proceeding Publications  

  1. Marshal Dhayal, RA Egnatchik and DM Ratner, Characterizing Carbohydrate Surface Density on Glycan Biosensors, Glycobiology 18(11) (2008) 945-946. 
  2. T Owen, Marshal Dhayal, C Gunn, M Gleeson, M Hochberg and DM Ratner, Ring Resonator Biosensors for Glycochip Applications, Glycobiology 18(11) (2008) 984-985. 
  3. J Jin, JH Shin, Marshal Dhayal and JS Choi, Surface optical properties of TiO2 treated with electron beam, IEEE International Conference on NanoPhotonics-based Biomedical Technology, Jeju, Korea, 2005, 214-216. 
  4. YK Vijay, NK Acharya, V Kulshrestha, K Avasthi, BK Sharma, Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong and JS Choi, Synthetic membranes for physical, chemical and biological applications, International Symposium on Novel Techniques in Nano-biology (ISNB05), 2005, 130-139. 
  5. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong, JS Choi and HC So, Measurement of fluid velocity in organic micro fluidic devices, IEEE International Conference on Nano-Photonics-based Biomedical Technology, Jeju, Korea, 2005, 210-213. 
  6. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong and JS Choi, Control of surface physical properties of micro/nano devices for biological applications, Proceeding of International Symposium on Novel Techniques in Nano-biology (ISNB05), KAIST, South Korea, 2005, 60-67. 
  7. Marshal Dhayal, KL Parry, RD Short and JW Bradley, Acrylic acid grafting after tailored plasma treatment of polymer surface, Processing of APP Spring Meeting, Physikzentrum Bad Honnef, 2003, 49-53. 
  8. Marshal Dhayal, MR Alexander and JW Bradley, Investigating the effect of ion flux and electron temperature for plasma polymerisation of acrylic acid, 46th SVC Technical Conference Proceeding, 2003, 15-19. 
  9. KJ Gibson, PK Browning, Marshal Dhayal and B Mihaljcic, Plasma Recombination Regimes in the UMIST Linear System, 28th EPS Conference on Control Fusion and Plasma Phys. Funchal, ECA 25A, 2001, 1677-1680.

 
Conferences Presentations
 69.Marshal Dhayal, Correlation of Plasma Process Parameters to Tailor Surface Chemistry of Polymeric Materials for Application in Life Science, International Conference on Soft Materials, MNIT, Jaipur, 6-10 October 2014 (Invited Talk). 
70. Marshal Dhayal, Using XPS and SPR for Quantification of Surface Density Dependent Carbohydrates Interaction with Proteins, International Conference on Functional Materials (ICFM-2014), Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, 5-7 February 2014 (Invited Talk). 

  1. S Kar, RR Pandey, P Sirdesai, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Metal ion doping in TiO2 to Control crystallite structure and surface energy of thin films deposited on glass for osteoblast cells biocompatibility, Third Euro-India International Conference on Nanomedicine and Tissue Engineering, Kottayam, India, 9-11 August 2013 (Invited talk). 
  2. SS Reddy, SV Agrawal, Marshal Dhayal, Spectroscopic Quantification of Liver Function Enzymes Using Ultra-small Nanoparticles, Third Euro-India International Conference on Nanomedicine and Tissue Engineering, Kottayam, India, 9-11 August 2013. 
  3. SV Agarwal and Marshal Dhayal, Dual Estimation of Drugs and their Affect on Sensitivity of Metal-enzyme Nanoparticles, Third Euro-India International Conference on Nanomedicine and Tissue Engineering, Kottayam, India, 9-11 August 2013. 
  4. K K Saini, S K Mendiratta and Marshal Dhayal, Tailoring the phase and particle size of TiO2 nano-particles by nickel doping, International Conference on Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Delhi, India, 18-21 December 2011. 
  5. SK Mendiratta, J Monteiro, Marshal Dhayal, Study of kinetics of anatase to rutile phase transformation in doped and undoped TiO2 nanoparticles, International Conference on Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Delhi, India, 18-21 December 2011. 
  6. SK Mendiratta, J Monteiro, Marshal Dhayal, Oxidation and phase transition rate of TiC/TiO2 core-shell, International Conference on Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Delhi, India, 18-21 December 2011. 
  7. RR Pandey, KK Saini, Marshal Dhayal, La3+ doped TiO2 nano engineered platforms for biosensor,  American Vacuum Society (AVS)58th International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville, USA, 30 October to 4 November 2011, page-84. 
  8. RR Pandey, KK Saini, Marshal Dhayal, Development of plasma treated Mn induced nano-arrayed structures in sol-gel derived TiO2 matrix for biosensing applications,  American Vacuum Society (AVS)58th International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville, USA, October 2011, page-89. 
  9. P Sirdesai, S Kar, RR Pandey and Marshal Dhayal, Investigating effects of substrate surface energy of metal oxide surfaces on proliferation of osteoblast cells,    International Conference on Biomaterials and Implants: Prospects and Possibilities in the New Millennium (BIO 2011), CGCRI Kolkata, India, 21-23 July, 2011. 
  10. R R Pandey, C Kant, K K Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Study of sol-gel derived titanium dioxide films by SEM and TEM Tools: Relation between crystallite property and photocatalytic activity/biocompatibility of the material,    International Conference on Electron Nanoscopy, Hyderabad, India, 6-8 July, 2011. 
  11. R R Pandey, K K Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Development of lab-on-a-chip on Mn induced nano-arrayed structures in sol-gel derived TiO2 platforms for biosensing applications, American Vacuum Society (AVS) 57th International Symposium and Exhibition, Albuquerque, USA, 17-22 October 2010, page-146. 
  12. R R Pandey, K K Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Enzymatic activity enhancement of nano-structured TiO2 platforms by Ru doping for biosensor applications, American Vacuum Society (AVS) 57th International Symposium and Exhibition, Albuquerque, USA, October 2010, page-159. 
  13. RR Pandey, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Application of enzyme immobilized nanostructured Fe doped TiO2 for electrochemical quantification of urea, International Conference & Exhibition on Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques, Hyderabad, India, November 2010. 
  14. R Sharma, RR Pandey and Marshal Dhayal, Using ATR- FTIR for detection of immobilized biomolecules on amino acid functionalized HAp nanoparticles, International Conference & Exhibition on Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques, Hyderabad, India, November 2010. 
  15. RR Pandey, KK Saini and Marshal Dhayal, Fabrication of novel Nanostructured Pd2+ doped TiO2 platform for detection of Cholesterol, International Conference & Exhibition on Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques, Hyderabad, India, November 2010. 
  16. F Cheng, M Dubey, H Nguyen, S Jing, J B Rafel, Marshal Dhayal and D Ratner, Characterizing the carbohydrate microarray: XPS, ToF-SIMS, SPR, and ELLA analysis of glycan modified surfaces, American Vacuum Society (AVS) 56th International Symposium and Exhibition, San Jose, USA, October 2009, page-144. 
  17. T Owen, Marshal Dhayal, C Gunn, M Gleeson, M Hochberg and DM Ratner, Ring resonator biosensors for glycochip applications, Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Glycobiology, Ft Worth, TX, November 2008. 
  18. RR Pandey, KK Saini, Marshal Dhayal, C Kant and SC Jain, Enhancement of hydrophilicity and photo catalytic activities of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin film doped with tungsten, 55th American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Boston, USA, 21-23 October 2008. 
  19. SI Cho and Marshal Dhayal, Temperature effect on chemical and physical stability of low pressure plasma polymerised coatings for biological applications, 55th American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Boston, USA, October 2008. 
  20. Marshal Dhayal, HQ Nguyen and DM Ratner, Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and surface plasmon resonance to determine the surface density profile of PEG linked carbohydrates on gold, The 25th Anniversary of NESAC/BIO and the 12th University of Washington Engineering Biomaterials Summer Symposium, Seattle, USA, August 2008. 
  21. T Owen, Marshal Dhayal, M Gleeson, C Gunn, M Hochberg and DM Ratner, Glycan functionalized silicon photonic ring resonator biosensors: probing protein-carbohydrate interactions, The 25th Anniversary of NESAC/BIO and the 12th University of Washington Engineering Biomaterials Summer Symposium, Seattle, USA, August 2008. 
  22. Marshal Dhayal, RR Pandey, VK Tanwar, SC Jain and KK Saini, Development of metal polymer based hybrid micro channel network in bio-MEMS, 54th American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Seattle, USA, October 2007. 
  23. Jin Jun, Joong-Hyeok Shin and Marshal Dhayal, Using high energy electron beam to modify nano structured Ni/Al2O3 catalytic activity, 10th International Conference on Advanced Materials (ICAM), Bangalore, India, October 2007. 
  24. RR Pandey, KK Saini, Marshal Dhayal, C Kant, SC Jain, DP Singh and M Singh, Modification of architectural properties of window glass by La3+ doped TiO2 thin films, 10th International Conference on Advanced Materials (ICAM), Bangalore, India, October 2007. 
  25. RR Pandey, KK Saini, Marshal Dhayal, C Kant, SC Jain, S Singh and M Singh, Enhancement of photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin film by palladium ion incorporation, 10th International Conference on Advanced Materials (ICAM), Bangalore, India, October, 2007. 
  26. Marshal Dhayal, V Sharma, Govind, SM Shivaprasad and SC Jain, Using XPS to characterize plasma treated and PEG silane grafted PDMS surface chemistry, 18th Material Research Society of India Annual Symposium, New Delhi, India, February 2007. 
  27. Marshal Dhayal, V Sharma, Govind, SM Shivaprasad and SC Jain, Using XPS to characterize plasma treated and PEG silane grafted PDMS surface chemistry, 18th Material Research Society of India Annual Symposium, New Delhi, India, February 2007. 
  28. Marshal Dhayal, Room temperature bonding of micro/nano devices, 53rd American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, San Francisco, USA, 12-17 November 2006. 
  29. JW Bradley and Marshal Dhayal, The plasma parameters in pulsed RF plasma polymerization of acrylic acid, 18th European Conference on the Atomic and Molecular Physics of Ionized Gases (ESCAMPIG), Lecce, Italy, July 2006. 
  30. Marshal Dhayal, SY Lee and S Park, Investigating the effect of plasma on seed germination of the Acanthopanax chisanensis Nakai and Carthamus tinctorium L., 3rd International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technology and 9th International Conference on Advanced Materials, Singapore, July 2005. 
  31. YK Vijay, Marshal Dhayal, M Singh, NK Acharya, R Kumar and BK Sharma, Modification in microstructure and properties of polymer by 10 keV electron beam, 3rd International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technology and 9th International Conference on Advanced Materials, Singapore, July 2005. 
  32. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong and JS Choi, Controlling different fluid velocity by changing the surface properties of bio-MEMS used in organic micro-fluidic devices, 3rd International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technology and 9th International Conference on Advanced Materials, Singapore, July 2005. 
  33. Marshal Dhayal,  CH Kim and HC So, Development of plasma process for improving optical and biocompatible properties of contact lens, 52nd American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Boston, USA, 9-11 November 2005. 
  34. Marshal Dhayal, Polymeric intermediate layer bonding in micro/nano devices at low temperature for bio-MEMS/NEMS applications, 52nd American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Boston, USA, 9-11 November 2005. 
  35. HG Jeong, Marshal Dhayal, HJ Lee and JS Choi, Fabrication of micro-pumps for organic micro-fluidic devises using asymmetric electrode arrays, 51st American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Los Angeles, USA, 14-19 November 2004. 
  36. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong, HJ Lee and JS Choi, Plasma process in fabrication of MEMS for micro-fluidic devises, 51st American Vacuum Society (AVS) International Symposium, Los Angeles, USA, 14-19 November 2004. 
  37. HG Jeong, Marshal Dhayal and JS Choi, Electro kinetic fluid pumping in silicon base micro fluidic devices, Annual Korean Physical Society Conference, South Korea, 1-3 October 2004. 
  38. Marshal Dhayal, HG Jeong, JS Choi, Measurements of plasma parameters and surface characterization of functional films deposited using acrylic acid plasma polymerization, Annual Korean Physical Society Conference, South Korea, October 2004. 
  39. JW Bradley, Marshal Dhayal, KL Parry and RD Short, Surface treatment of polymers in low pressure plasma with control over the ion energy and flux, 16th International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry, Taormina, Italy, June 2003. 
  40. Marshal Dhayal, MR Alexander and JW Bradley, Control of functional groups in acrylic acid plasma polymerisation for bio-medical application, Institute of Physics (IOP) Conference on Plasmas, Surfaces and Thin Films, London, England, June 2003. 
  41. Marshal Dhayal, D Forder, KL Parry, RD Short and JW Bradley, Modifying polystyrene surfaces in pulsed radio frequency (RF) argon discharges, 8th International Conference on Plasma Surface Engineering (PSE), Garmisch, Germany, September 2002. 
  42. Marshal Dhayal, KL Parry, RD Short and JW Bradley, Surface treatment of polystyrene in radio frequency (RF) argon plasma with independent control over the Te, ion energy and ion flux”, The Joint 16th Europhysics Conference on Atomic and Molecular Physics of Ionized Gases and 5th International Conference on Reactive Plasmas, Grenoble, France, July 2002. 
  43. Marshal Dhayal, D Forder, KL Parry, RD Short and JW Bradley, Pulsed plasma treatment of polymeric materials, 29th Institute of Physics (IOP) Plasma Group Conference, Belfast, England, March 2002. 
  44. Marshal Dhayal and JW Bradley, Time resolved probe & ion energy distribution function in pulsed RF gas discharge, Summer School at Physikzentrum, Bad Honnef, Germany, September 2001. 
  45. Marshal Dhayal, D Barton, JW Bradley and RD Short, Time resolved Ion energy distribution function measurements in pulsed RF Plasma, 28th Institute of Physics (IOP) Plasma Group Conference, Manchester, England, April 2001.

BM506 (Biomaterials Technology) for M.Tech and PhD

Objectives The objective of this course is to teach the engineering skills with enhanced knowledge in the field of biomaterials. This will help them to understand the current status of field and identifying challenges associated with engineering the technology towards use of biomaterials for biomedical applications. Additionally it will provide advancement in understanding the techniques used for synthesis of biomaterials and characterization by involving students in having practical experiences either in synthesis of biomaterials or in characterization. It covers subjects such as metallic and biodegradable polymeric materials and their relation to tissue engineering, biologic materials, and biomaterials applications in soft and hard tissues.
 
Course topics 
Unit 1: Definition and classification of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, active and passive biomaterials, metallic and non-metallic biomaterials, synthesis of biomaterials and their challenges, surface modification of biomaterials and applications. Lecture -09
 
Unit 2: Properties of biomaterials, surface functionality, structural properties, surface energy, electrochemical properties, electrophysical properties, porosity, corrosive properties of biomaterials, surface morphology, biocompatibility, degradation nature of biomaterials and its importance, interactions between different types of biomaterials, biological materials. Lecture -08
 
Unit 3: Techniques for advanced biomaterials: Physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, polymerization, functionalization, self-assembly of biomolecules, layer by layer deposition, thin film coatings, methods used for preparation of 3D biomaterials, amorphous and crystalline biomaterials. Lecture -08
 
Unit 4: Characterization techniques for advance biomaterials: Surface chemical properties by spectroscopy techniques, surface structure quantification, optical microscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, contact angle measurement, fluorescence microscopy, and methods for quantification of release kinetics of biomolecules. Lecture -08
 
Unit 5: Smart materials and current advancements in the biomaterials, application of biomaterials in drug delivery, tissue regeneration, metal implants for bone replacement and current challenges. Lecture -06
 
Readings

  1. B. D. Ratner, A. S. Hoffman, F. J. Schoen & J. E. Lemons; Biomaterials Science: An introduction to materials in medicine. Academic Press, Florida (USA).
  2. Joon B. Park, Joseph D. Bronzino; Biomaterials: Principles and Applications, CRC Press.
  3. Jeffrey O. Hollinger; An Introduction to Biomaterials, November 28, 2011 by CRC Press.
  4. Milton Ohring; Materials Science of Thin Films, Academic Press.
  5. L. L. Hench & Ethridge; Biomaterials: An interfacial approach, Academic press, New York.
  6. Journal research papers and review articles (information will be given in the class as per topics and need).

Assessment   HA and Class Quizzes: [20%]
                        Periodical Exams: [30%]
                        Final Exams: [50%]
 
Outcome of the course:This will provide the comprehensive review/knowledge in biomaterials, metals, ceramics, polymers, biological materials and composites and covers recent advances in the field to enhance their engineering skills to effectively use this knowledge to address the current need of the industry and biomedical engineering. The course content will provides a familiarity with the uses of materials in medicine and implants and the rational basis for these applications.

BM501 (BioMEMs and Biosensors) for IDD and M.Tech

Objective: The course aims to provide an understanding of the basics of micro-electro-mechanical systems and its application in the biomedical areas. This course is designed to learn the fabrication process of a lab-on-a-chip platform and micro total analysis systems.

Course topics:
Unit 1. Introduction to BioMEMs: Overview and definition of BioMEMs, concept of miniaturization, dimensions and scaling challenges in bioMEMs.                                         
Unit 2. Microfabrication Process: Introduction to micropatterning, micromachining and micromolding. Surface and bulk micromaching, etching and thin film processes (self-assembled monolayers, physical vapor deposition and chemical vapor deposition). Optical lithography, photo-resists, non-optical lithography techniques, polymer-based lithography (soft lithography) and plasmas. System integration – bonding, assembly and packaging and other microfabrication techniques.
  
Unit 3. Introduction to Biosensors: Concept of a biosensor, ideal characteristics and challenges of a biosensor, biosensing principles: mechanical, thermal, optic, acoustic, electrochemical, conductometric, potentiometric and amperometric. Examples and applications of biosensors.
          
Unit 4. Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip Platforms: Introduction to microfluidics, biofluids, properties of biofluids in microchannels, microfluidic devices, microarray technology, biochip sensors.

Unit 5. BioMEMs in Biomedical Engineering: Micro total analytical systems for life sciences, integrated gene analysis system, single cell and single molecule analysis, pharmacokinetic analysis, bioMEMs for hybrid devices and 3D artificial organs, bioMEMs for novel tools in nanobiology, microengineering in biotechnology, tissue microengineering.
 
Reading

  • Albert Folch. Introduction to BioMEMS, CRC Press. 
  • Steven S. Saliterman. Fundamentals of BioMEMs and Medical Microdevices. SPIE Press, Jan. 2006.
  • Jeong-Yeol Yoon. Introduction to Biosensors. Springer. 2013.
  • Manz and H. Becker. Microsystems Technology in Chemistry and Life Sciences. Springer, 1999.
  • O. Geschke, H. Klank and P. Telleman. Microsystem Engineering of Lab-on-a-Chip Devices. John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
  • N. –T. Nguyen and S. Wereley. Fundamentals and Applications of Microfluidics. Artech House Publishers. 2002.
  • Ajeet Sadana and Neeti Sadana. Handbook of Biosensors and Biosensor Kinetics. Elsevier. 2011.

Assessment
HA:: [10% GRADE]
QUIZZES-HA:: [10% GRADE]
PERIODICAL EXAMS:: [30% GRADE]
FINAL EXAM:: [50% GRADE]

Outcome: It is expected that after the completion of the course students should be able to have knowledge about manufacturing a micro-device by photolithography and soft lithography techniques, create protein and cellular micro-patterns withins microfluidic device and manipulate and measure biomolecules using custom-designed biosensors.
 

Post-doctoral Positions

Postdoc candidates (having fellowship from CSIR, DST, DBT etc.)  or wish to apply may contact me by sending detailed CV with research interests.

Ph.D. Positions

Ph.D. positions are available in my lab for students who have qualified CSIR/UGC/DBT JRF/ DST inspire fellowship. Interested candidate have to follow guidelines of IIT-BHU PhD admission.