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Dr. Prem Chandra Pandey
Department of Chemistry, IIT-BHU
0542 - 6702878
Area of Interest: 
Sensors Technology, bioelectrochemistry, Organically modified silicate based Nanomaterial, optoelectrochemistry, Functional Nanoparticles

1.Academic profile;

  • Ph.D., Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, 1986.
  • M.Sc., Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, 1980.
  • B.Sc. Avadh University, Faizabad, 1978.

2. Professional Profile
1. Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, 1988.
2. Reader, Department of Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, 1996.
3. Professor, Department of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, 2004.
4. Professor (HAG), Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, 2012.
5. Post Doctoral Research : Ecole des Mines, saint Etienne France, 1989-90
6. Guest Researcher: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, 1992-94.
7. Visiting Professor, University Of California, Riverside, 2003.
8. Visiting Professor : Institut de microtechnique,  Neuchâtel,    Switzerland, 2007
8. Visiting Professor: Moscow state University Russia 2009.
Delivered invited talks in various countries like France, England, Germany, Switzerland, Balgium, Australia, Russia and Japan

Innivations made : https://youtu.be/ljHm34HAc3k

Recent Publications :
J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 16 (2016) 6155-6163;   Catal.Sci.Technol., 6(2016) 3911-3917; ElectrochimicaActa, 190 (2016)758-765;  J. Electroanal.Chem., 763(2016) 63–70; J.Electroanal.Chem. 780(2016)90-102;  J. Mater. Res. 31(2016) 3313-3321;  Materials Science and Engineering C 79 (2017) 45 –54;  J. Mater. Res., 32(2017)3574-3584;  Biointerphases 12, 011005 (2017); doi: 10.1116/1.4979200;  J.Biomed.Res.B, Appl. Biomat., 105(2017)1191 -1199;  J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 86 (2018)650– 66;  Electrochimica Acta 287 (2018) 37-48;  Appl. Polym. Sci.135 (2018) 45705, DOI: 10.1002/app.45705;  J. Electroanal.Chem 823( 2018) 747-754; Sensors 2019, 19(5), 1028; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19051028

1. Teaching Interest.
Analytical Chemistry, Sensors Technology,  Electrochemical sensors, Biosensors, Membrane transport phenomena.
2. Research Interest
The main area of interest is to understand the mechanism of electron exchange from bioactive materials at measurable rate and to use their inherent properties for Sensors design with specific research interest on :
 (1) Thin film Technology: Thin film membrane of controlled porosity covering macrospores to nanoporous and nonporous domain specifically useful for sensor design are one of area of interest. The use of heterocyclic monomers specifically indole and its derivatives through polymerization yielding the polymeric matrix with extreme hydrophobicity at one end and processable hydrophilic polymer on other end is of specific attention. Electropolymerization of other monomers resulting into ion sensing membrane and the use of PVC matrx membrane for solid-state sensor design are of general interest. Nanostructured thin film as organically modified silicate (ORMOSIL) derived from the specific interaction of organic amine and epoxy-groups linked to alkoxysilane has been our main area of interest. The use of reactive organic functionalities in anchoring the noble metal material like palladium through Pd-C and Pd-Si linkage within nanostructured network or encapsulation of nanomaterial/functional material within the nanoporous morphology of ormosil film during sol-gel processing yielding  library of electrocatalytic sites within nanostructured domain for specific applications and the use of metal oxide like TiO2 and WO2 for controlling the performances of ormosil film are of current interest.
 (2) Functional Nanomaterials : The role of organic amine linked to alkoxysilane precursor along with active oxygen containing organic molecules in the synthesis of Au, Ag Pd, Au-Pd, Pd-Au nanoparticles dispersible in a variety of aqueous and non-aqueous solvents displaying both functional ability and nanogeometry during sensor design is of our prime attention. Synthesis of other functional material like processable Prussian blue nanoparticles and it soluble nanocomposite displaying enzyme like behaviour for perfect replacement of HRP is another area of current interest. Functional alkoxysilane medited synthetic incorporation of metla nanoparticle like Ni-Pd, monometal, bimetallic and trimetallic nanoparticles within mesoporous silica nanoparticle/mesoporous material for selective catalytsis and hydrogen evolution reaction.
 (3) Development of Commercial Electrochemical sensors/Biosensors:  Our prime attention is to probe the sensing event at measurable rate based on electrochemical processes for reliable electrochemical biosensor/sensor design having commercial viability involving active role of electron transfer relays, nanomaterials/functional nanomaterials.(see details at http://sensors-vns.com/ Technological designs include our interest on investigating mass and charge transport across membrane matrixes under both linear and non-linear regime and photoelectrochemistry of chlorophyll, bacteriorhodopsin and Prussian blue-ruthenium bipyridyl nanocomposite. The development of display system with suitable electronics along with designing of printed circuit board as per requirement of sensing devices is of specific concern.


1. Scientific Credentials for the first time Globally :
(i) Applications of polyindole in chemical sensor design, experimental findings on the synthesis of hydrophobic and hydrophilic polyindole, siloxane- polyindole-gold nanoparticles nanodispersion.
(ii) Experimental evidence on the mechanistic aspect of electron transfer from redox biological molecules and organic metal electrode surface, TCNQ mediated Flow Injection Biosensor,
(iii) Specific interaction on hydrophobic and hydrophilic organic functionalities linked to alkoxysilane for making nanostructured biocompatible thin film of organically modified silicate (ORMOSILS), Mechanism of electron transfer from redox protein within nanostructured ormosils and electrode surface,
(iv) Functional alkoxysilanes assisted synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles and its multimetallic analogues; Specific interaction of palladium chloride with 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and Trimethoxysilane yielding Pd-C-; -Pd-Si- linkages during the formation of nanostructured matrix-Novel Electrocatalytic Nanomaterials.
(v) 3-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane mediated synthesis of functional monometallic, (AuNP, AgNP and PdNP) nanoparticles, Bimetallic (Pd-Au; Pd-Ag, Au-Ag) Nanoparticles and trimetallic (Pd-Au@AgNP) dispersible in both aqueous and non-aqueous medium.
(vi) 2-(3,4-Epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl]Trimethoxysilane mediated synthesis of bimetallic palladium-Nickel Nanoparticles; Functional alkoxysilanes assisted synthetic incorporation of palladium-Ni nanoparticles within mesoporous architecture of silica nanoparticles, mesoporous silica and zeolite, Functional silica-alginate beads.
(vii) Role of small organic moieties and 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane in the synthesis of functional noble metal nanoparticles and its multimetallic analogues
(viii) 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and cyclohexanone mediated synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticles.
(ix) Organic aldehyde/ketone and polyethylenimine mediated controlled synthesis of gold nanoparticles and its synthetic incorporation within silica nanoparticles.
2. Scientific Credentials for the first time in India :
(i) Design and mechanistic approach on the development of mediated and electrocatalytic biosensors/chemicals.
(ii) Design and development of glucose biosensors and other clinical biosensors, Screen printed electrodes in three electrode configuration together portable electrochemical detector at commercial scale, chemically modified screen printed electrodes, screen printed electrodes based conventional reference electrode, solid-state reference electrode, solid-state pH sensor, solid-state chloride ion sensor, ascorbic acid sensor, potassium ion sensor, Transdermal sensor, Hydrogen peroxide sensor,
(iii) Photo-electrochemical behaviour of bacteriorhodopsin thin film together isolation and purification of purple membrane protein.


Following Technologies have been developed and patented/filed. Visit for details on respective links:
1. Blood Glucose Sensor : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6na0NRvOJE
2. Solid-state pH sensor : https://youtu.be/jnkBb2lSomE
3. Ascorbic acid sensor : https://youtu.be/zeWCsLlpNKU
4. H2O2 sensor : https://youtu.be/2u5sVQCQMO0
5. Functional alkoxysilanes mediated synthesis of monometallic nanoparticles: https://youtu.be/kZ-DvLKmOjs                                                                                                             and                                                          https://youtu.be/d6369j-SG78
6. Functional alkoxysilanes mediated synthesis of bimetallic nanoparticles: https://youtu.be/61uTTR3exgQ
7. Functional alkoxysilanes mediated synthesis of trimetallic nanoparticles: https://youtu.be/JDvU7uD1tY
8. Reactive functional group lined to alkoxysilanes mediated synthesis of nanoparticles: https://youtu.be/kyzTY14GibY
9. Screen Printed Electrodes and Electrochemical detector : https://youtu.be/Q3qtHjpMyxA
10. Clinical assay based on enzyme immobilized silica-Alginate beads: https://youtu.be/Jb8eJUNUXZk
11. Screen Printed Electrodes: https://youtu.be/2KEc_CDoNkw
12. Nanomaterials for hydrogen production : https://youtu.be/1Jzy9NghAdo
13. Solid-state Chloride ion sensor : https://youtu.be/wZzk4hJfAN0
14. Urea Biosensor : https://youtu.be/SN2q8A08IKA
15. Purple membrane protein : https://youtu.be/Ti3A1aqbm8M

1. An amperometric flow injection analysis biosensor for glucose based on graphite paste modified with tetracyanoquinodimethane” PCT Patent, WO1994024548. A1.
2. A novel solid-state Biosensor and a process for producing the same, IP191792, 2002.
3. A Biosensor for dopamine and Acetylcholine, IP, 196763, 2004.
4. A process for the preparation of novel enzyme encapsulated organically modified sol-gel glass based glucose biosensor, IP, 190841, 1999.
5. A process for making ferrocene encapsulated ormosil, IP, 196900, 1999.
6. All solid-state K+ ion sensor,Indian Patent, 215512.
7. All solid-state Cu++ ion sensor, Indian Patent, 221601.
8. All solid-state pH sensor,Indian Patent, 218340.
9. All solid-state urea sensor ,Indian Patent, 215383.
10.Calcium ion-sensor comprising ionophore/carrier ion -free polyindolecamphorsulphonic acid composite, 2383/DEL/2010.
11. A process for making disposable glucose sensor strips and a glucose biosensor made therefrom, Indian Patent, 2381/DEL/2010.
12. A process for making improved glucose sensor strips and a glucose biosensor made therefrom, Indian Patent, 2416/DEL/2010.
13. A process for insitu generation of noble metal nanoparticles and thereafter coreshell of the same, Indian Patent, 2382/DEL/2010.
14. A process for the development of photochromic thin film of purple membrane of variable thickness and isolation of purple membrane for the same” Indian Patent. 3894/DEL/2011.
15.  A process for 3-aminopropyltrimethoxy silane and cyclohexanone mediated synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticle sol andnanocomposite of the same. Indian Patent  295327.
16. A process for the organic hydroperoxide-mediated synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles, bimetallic nanosol and prussian blue nanoparticles” Indian Patent 2153/DEL/2013.
17. A process for the polyethylenimine and organic reducing agent mediated synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles, and Prussian blue nanoparticles therefrom, Indian Patent 4043/DEL/2014.
18. A process for making silica beads encapsulated functionalized palladium nanoparticles for selective hydrogen evolution, Indian Patent  2016110028329.
19. A process for polyethylenimine and organic reducing agent mediated synthetic insertion of gold nanoparticles within mesoporous silica nanoparticles and their biomedical applications. Indian Patent  201611052267
20. A process for making functional alkoxysilane stabilized nickel-palladium bimetallic nanocrystallite for catalytic hydrogen evolution therefrom; Indian Patent  201611042020.
21. A process for making enzyme immobilized mesoporous silica-alginate beads and novel clinical assay system therefrom, Indian Patent  201711008944.
22. A process for making self assembled siloxane-polyindole-gold nanoparticles nanocomposite, Indian Paten 201711044295.
23. A process for synthetic insertion of palladium and prussian blue noparticles within mesoporous silica nanoparticles, and their application in selective dopamine sensing, Indian Paten 201811006295.
24. A process for 2-(3,4)epoxy-cyclohexyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane mediated synthesis of prussian blue nanoparticles, Indian Paten 201811004873.
25. A process for making functional alkoxysilane mediated silica zeolite supported nickel-palladium bimetallic nanocrystallite for catalytic hydrogen evolution therefrom, Indian Paten 201811021635.
26. A process for making screen printed electrodes in three electrodes configurations and electrochemical detector for the same. Indian Paten 201811035930.
27. A Novel solid-state Biosensor and a process for producing the same, Indian Patent 285905.
28. A process for making solid-state ion sensor for on-chip determination of potassium ion in body fluid Indian Patent201811041978
29. A process for making microneedle-based transdermal biosensor involving poyethylenimine-modified prussian blue-gold nanohybrids-enzyme ink for on-chip electrochemical biosensing in body fluid Indian Patent 201811049930.
30. A process for functional alkoxysilanes functionalized metal nanoparticles induced fluorescence of selective fluorophore Indian Patent 201811044934.
31. A process for making screen printed electrode derived reference electrode for conventional electroanalytical applications Indian Patent 201911004221 
32. A process for making screen printed electrode derived reference electrode for conventional electroanalytical applications Indian Patent 201911004218
33. A process for making all solid-state pH sensor Indian Patent 201911004219
34. A process for TCNQ mediated glucose biosensor U. S. Patent, 5, 378, 332

A. Representative Publications on conducting polymer derived membrane matrixes.
1. A new Conducting polymer coated glucose sensor, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. I. 84 (1988) 2259-2265.
2. Electrochemical synthesis of polyindole-a study for rechargeable battery application, J. Electrochem. Soc.  145 (1998) 999-1003.
3.  Polyindole modified potassium ion sensor using dibenzo-18-crown-6 mediated PVC matrix membrane, Sensors & Actuators. B46(1998) 61-65.
4. Characterization of electropolymerized polyindole-application in the construction of a solid-state Ion-Selective electrode, J. Electrochem. Soc.  145(1998) 4103-4107.
5. Tetraphenylborate doped polyaniline based novel pH sensor and solid-state urea biosensor, Talanta 55( 2001) 773-782   .
6. Electrochemical Synthesis of Tetraphenylborate Doped Polypyrrole; Dependence of Zinc ion sensing on the Polymeric-microstructure, Sensors & Actuators 85/3 (2002) 256 – 262
7.  Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline in proton free non-aqueous mediums; effects of solvents and dopants on microstructure, J.Electrochem. Soc 149( 2002) D51-D56.
8. Electrochemical polymerization of aniline over tetracyanoquinodimethane encapsulated ormosil matrix: application in the electrocatalytic oxidation of ascorbic acid and acetylthiocholine” Analyst, 136(2011)1472.
9. Effect of processable polyindole and nanostructured domains on selective sensing of dopamine, Material Science and Engineering: C, 32 (2012)1-11
10. Controlled Electrochemical Synthesis of Conductive Nanopolypyrrole and Its Application in the Design of a Solid-State Ion Sensor” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.132 (2015)12777-12786.
11. Synthesis and characterization of dendritic polypyrrole silver nanocomposite and its application as a new urea biosensor,  Appl. Polym. Sci.135 (2018) 45705, DOI: 10.1002/app.45705.
B. Representative Publications on functional alkoxysilanes derived Nanostructured membrane matrixes
1.  A new glucose biosensor based on encapsulated glucose oxidase within organically modified sol-gel glass, Sensors & Actuators. B60(1999)83-89.
2. A new glucose Biosensor based on sandwiched configuration of organically modified sol-gel glass, Electroanalysis 11(1999) 59-65.
3.  A new ferrocene-linked organically modified electrode sol-gel glass and its application in the construction of Ion-selective electrode, Electroanalysis 11(1999) 950-958.
4., An ormosil based peroxide biosensor-A comparative study on direct electron transfer from Horseradish peroxidase, Sensors & Actuators 72 (2001) 224-232
5. A Novel Ferrocene Encapsulated Palladium-Linked Ormosil based Electrocatalytic Biosensor; Role of Reactive Functional Group, Electroanalysis 13 (18) (2001) 1519-1527.
6, Functionalized ormosil-based biosensor. Probing a Horseradish peroxidase catalyzed reactions, J. Electrochem. Soc. 150 (2003) H85-H92.
7. Studies on the Electrochemical Performance of Glucose Biosensor based on  Ferrocene encapsulated ORMOSIL and Glucose Oxidase Modified Graphite Paste Electrode,    Biosensors  & Bioelectronics 10 (2003)1257-1268
8. Chemical sensors based on fuctionalized ormosil-modified electrodes- Role of ruthenium and palladium on the electrocatalysis of NADH and Ascorbic acid. Sensors & Actuators B, 102 (2004) 113-126
9. Differential selectivity in electrochemical oxidation of ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide at the surface of functionalized ormosil-modified electrode, Anal.Chim.Acta, 523/2 (2004) 219-223.
10. Studies on ne omosils derived from reactive alkoxysilane precursors as a function of hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity” Journal of sol-gel science and technology, 33 (2005)25-32.
11.  Role of palladium on the redox electrochemistry of ferrocene monocarboxylic acid encapsulated within ormosil network, J. Molecules, 10 (2005) 728-739
12. Studies on differential sensing of dopamine at the surface of chemically sensitized ormosil-modified electrodes, Talanta,  67/5 (2005) 997-1006.
13. Library of Electrocatalytic sites in nanostructured domain, Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 24 (2008) 848-858.
14.  Electrochemistry of redox mediators encapsulated within organically modified silicate matrix in the presence of TiO2 and palladium nanoparticles; application on electroanalysis of ascorbic acid, J.Electroanal.Chem., 729(2014)95-102.
C. Representative Publications on Functional Nanomaterials.
1. 3-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane mediated in situ synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles: application to hydrogen peroxide sensing. Analyst, 137(2012)376-385.
2. Size-dependence enhancement in electrocatalytic activity of NiHCF-goldnanocomposite: potential application in electrochemical sensing, Analyst, 137(2012)3306-3313.
3. Cyclohexanone and 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane mediated controlled synthesis of mixed nickel-iron hexacyanoferrate nanosol for selective sensing of glutathione and hydrogen peroxide”Analyst, 138(2013)952-959.
4. Novel synthesis of super peroxidase mimetic polycrystalline mixed metal hexacyanoferrates nanoparticles”Analyst, 138(2013)2295-2301.
5. Novel synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticles and nanocomposite sol: Electro-analytical application in hydrogen peroxide sensing”, Electrochimica Acta, 87 (2013)1-8.
6. Electrochemical sensing of dopamine and pyrogallol on mixed analogue of Prussian blue nanoparticles modified electrodes - role of transition metal on the electrocatalysis and peroxidase mimetic activity, Electrochimica Acta, 109 (2013)536-545.
7. Functionalized alkoxysilane mediated controlled synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles dispersible inaqueous and non-aqueous medium” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 2014, 14, 6606-6613.
8. Tunable functionality and nanogeometry in tetrahydrofuran hydroperoxide and 3-Aminopropyl-trimethoxysilane mediated synthesis of  gold nanoparticles; Functional application in Glutathione sensing, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2(2014))3383-3390.
9. Controlled Synthesis of Functional Silver Nanoparticles Dispersible in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Medium”, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 15 (2015) 5749-5759.
10. Tetrahydrofuran hydroperoxide mediated synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticles: a study of their electrocatalytic activity and intrinsic peroxidase-like behavior, Electrochimica Acta, 125 (2014)465-472.
11. Studies on electrochemical and peroxidase mimetic behavior of Prussian blue nanoparticles in presence of Pd-WO3-SiO2 Nanocomposite; bioelectrocatalytic sensing of H2O2 , ElectrochimicaActa,127 (2014)132-137.
12. Tetrahydrofuran hydroperoxide and 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilanemediated controlled synthesis of Pd, Pd-Au, Au-Pd nanoparticles: Role of Palladium nanoparticles on the redox electrochemistry of ferrocenemonocarboxylic acid, Electrochimica Acta, 138 (2014)163-173.
13. 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysialne and organic electron donors mediated synthesis of functional gold nanoparticles and their bioanalytical applications, RSC Advances, 4 (2014) 60563-60573.
14. Controlled Synthesis of Functional Silver Nanoparticles Dispersible in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Medium,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 15 (2015) 5749-5759.
15. Controlled Synthesis of Pd, Pd-Au, nanoparticles; effects of organic amine and silanol groups on the morphology and polycrystallinity of nanomaterials, RSC Advances, 5 (2015) 10964-10973.
16. Controlled synthesis of functional Ag, Ag-Au/Au-Ag nanoparticles and its nanocomposite with Prussian blue for bioanalytical applications, RSC Advances, 5 (2015) 49671-49679
17. 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and graphene oxide/reduced graphene oxide-induced generation of gold nanoparticles and their nanocomposites electrocatalytic and kinetic activity, RSC Advances, 56(2015) 80549-805569.
18. Novel Syntesis of gold nanoparticles mediated by polyethylenimine and organic reducing agents for Biomedical applications; Adv. Sci. Eng. Med. 8, 43-48 (2016).
19. 2-(3-, 4-Epoxycyclohexyl)ethytriethoxysilane intervened synthesis of functional PdNPs and heterometallicnanocrystallite; deployed into catalysis,  Adv. Sci. Eng. Med. 8, 271-283 (2016).
20. Role of organic carbonyl moiety and 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane on the synthesis of gold nanoparticles specific to ph and salt tolerance”J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., , 16 (2016) 6155-6163.
21. One-pot two-step rapid synthesis of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane mediated highly catalytic Ag@(PdAu) trmetallic nanoparticles, Catal.Sci.Technol., 6(2016) 3911-3917
22. Tetrahydrofuran and hydrogen peroxide mediated conversion of potassium hexacyanoferrate into Prussian blue nanoparticles; applications to hydrogen peroxide sensing ElectrochimicaActa, 190 (2016)758-765.
23. Novel Synthesis of nickel-iron hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles and its application in electrochemical sensing. Electroanal.Chem., 763(2016) 63–70.
24. Polyethylenimine mediated synthesis of copper-iron and nickel-ironhexacyanoferrate nanoparticles and their electroanalytical applications, Electroanal.Chem., 780(2016)90-102.
25. Synthesis of gold nanoparticles resistant to pH and salt for biomedical applications, J. Mater. Res. 31(2016) 3313-3321.
26. Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic noble metal nanoparticles for biomedical applications, MRS Advances, 1(2016)1-11, DOI: 10.1557/adv.2016.47.
27. Synthesis of gold nanoparticles specific to pH and salt tolerance for biomedical applications, MRS Advances, 1(2016)1-7, DOI: 10.1557/adv.2016.146.
28. 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane mediated solvent induced synthesis of gold nanoparticles for biomedical applications, Materials Science and Engineering C 79 (2017) 45 –54.
29.Mesoporous silica beads encapsulated with functionalized palladium nanocrystallites: Novel catalyst for selective hydrogen evolution, J. Mater. Res., 32(2017)3574-3584.
30. Polyethylenimine-mediated synthetic insertion of gold nanoparticles into mesoporous silica nanoparticles for drug loading and biocatalysis, Biointerphases 12, 011005 (2017); doi: 10.1116/1.4979200.
31. Controlled synthesis ofpolyethylenimine coated gold nanoparticles: Application in glutathione sensing and nucleotide delivery, J.Biomed.Res.B, Appl. Biomat., 105(2017)1191 -1199.
32. 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane Mediated Controlled Synthesis of Functional Noble Metal Nanoparticles and Its Multi-Metallic Analogues in the Presence of Small Organic Reducing Agents for Selective Application,MRS Advances, 2(2018)1 -11, DOI: 10.101557/adv.2018.93.
33. Solvent dependent fabrication of bifunctional nanoparticles and nanostructured thin films by self assembly of organosilanes, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 86 (2018)650– 663.
34. Functional alkoxysilane mediated controlled synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticles, enabling silica alginate bead development; nanomaterial for selective electrochemical sensing , Electrochimica Acta 287 (2018) 37-48.
35. Palladium-Prussian blue nanoparticles; as homogeneous and heterogeneous electrocatalysts, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 823( 2018) 747-754.
D. Representative Publications on Electrochemical sensors/Biosensors
1. Conducting polymer coated enzyme microsensor for urea, Analyst (Lond.) 113 (1988) 329-331.
2. Studies on Acetylcholine Sensor and its application based on the inhibition of cholinesterase, Biosensors & Bioelectronics 5 (1990) 461-47
3. Electrochemical Studies on Tetrathiafulvalene-Tetracyanoquinodimethane modified Acetylcholine/Choline sensor, Appl. Biochem. Biotech. 31 (1991) 145-158.
4. An amperometric Biosensor for glucose based on tetracyanoquinodimethane modified graphite paste electrode, Appl. Biochem. Biotech. 33 (1992) 139-147.
5. An amperometric flow-injection analysis biosensor for glucose based on graphite paste modified with tetracyanoquinodimethane, Anal.Biochem. 214 (1993) 133-137
6. Application of photochemical reaction in electrochemical detection of DNA Intercalation, Anal. Chem. 66 (1994) 1236-1241.
7. Tetracyanoquinodimethane mediated flow-injection analysis sensor for NADH coupled with dehydrogenase enzymes, Anal. Biochem. 221 (1994) 392-396.
8. Peroxidase and Tetracyanoquinodimethane modified graphite paste electrode for the measurement of glucose/glutamate/lactate using enzyme packed bed reactor, Anal. Biochem. 224 (1995) 428-433.
9. Peroxide bisensor and mediated electrochemical regeneration of peroxidase, Anal. Biochem. 252 (1997) 136-142.
10. Ethanol Bisensor and electrochemical regeneration of NADH, Anal. Biochem. 260 (1998) 195-203.
11. Acetylthiocholine/acetylcholine and thiocholine/choline electrochemical biosensor/sensor based on a organically modified sol-gel glass enzyme reactor and graphite paste electrode Sensors & Actuators. B62(2000)109-116.
12. An electrocatalytic biosensor for glucose, Sensors & Actuators 78( 2001) 148-155.
13. Studies on the Electrochemical Performance of Glucose Biosensor based on  Ferrocene encapsulated ORMOSIL and Glucose Oxidase Modified Graphite Paste Electrode,    Biosensors  & Bioelectronics 10 (2003)1257-1268.
14. Calcium ion-sensor based on polyindole-camphorsulfonic acid composite” J.Appl. Poly.Sci., 125(2012)2993-2999.
15. Current Advancements in Transdermal Biosensing and Targeted Drug Delivery, Sensors 2019, 19(5), 1028; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19051028.
 E. Representative Publications on Membrane transport processes
1. Non-linear dynamics of membrane processes, J. Colloids & Interface Sci.. 175 (1995) 262-275.
2. Bistability and electrokinetic oscillations, J. Colloids & Interface Sci.. 217 (1999) 275-287.
F. Representative Publications on Photoelectrochemical Processes
1. Photoelectric effects in Chlorophyll Membranes, J. Membrane Sci.,  19 (1984) 51-73.
2. Detection of aromatic hydrocarbon based on DNA Intercalation using an Evanescent wave biosensor, Anal. Chem. 67 (1995) 787-792.
3. Reversal in he kinetics of M-state decay of D96N mutant Bacteriorhodopsin, Sensors & Actuators. B35-36(1996) 270-276.
4. Dependence of M, N, and O states decay kinetics of D96N mutant bacteriorhodopsin on amino and amine compounds; application in chemical sensing, Sensors & Actuators. B46(1998) 80-86.
5. Electrochemical studies on D96N mutant bacteriorhodopsin and its application in the construction of photosensor, Sensors & Actuators. B56(1999)112-120.
6. Photo-electrochemistry of ormosil sandwiched d-96n bacteriorhodopsin” Journal of sol-gel science and technology  33 (2005)51-58.
7. Bacteriorhodopsin - Novel biomolecule for nano devices  Anal.Chim.Acta,  568 (1-2): 47-56 MAY 24 2006.
8. Extraction and Purification of Purple Membrane for Photochromic Thin Film Development: Application in Photoelectrochemical Investigation” Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 168(2012)138-146.


Completed ~10 major projects and established well equipped laboratory including the building construction for laboratories worth 900,000 $
Ongoing Projects:

1. Design and development of portable electrochemical sensor for hydrogen peroxide; BRNS, DAE
                        Progress Update :  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2018.05.003; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2018.07.026; https://youtu.be/cb7ZZKhztuc
2. Design and development of electrochemical devices for the removal of cesium radio nucleide, DRDO.
                        Progress Update: Started in February 2019

3-D printing Technology: Design and development of microneedle based trans-dermal Sensors/Biosensors
     Under Vajra Faculty scheme, SERB:  Vajra Fellow: Professor Roger J Narayan, University of North Carolina, USA
                           Progress Update: https://doi.org/10.3390/s19051028 ; Indian Patent 201811041978, Indian Patent 201811044930

Book Chapter/Enclopedia
1. New Organically modified Sol-Gel glasses and their Applications in Sensors Construction in “Chemical and Biological Sensors for Environmental Monitoring” ACS Symposium Series 762. Muchandani and Sadik (Eds), 2000 pp 139-157
ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2000.
2. Enzyme Biosensors Based on Mediator-Modified Carbon Paste Electrode, in ENZYME AND Microbial Biosensors: Techniques and Protocols, A.Mulchandanai and K.R Rogers (Eds), Humana Press, 1998, pp 81-92; https://www.springer.com/in/book/9780896034105
3. Electrochemical Sensors: Innovations in Mediated Bioelectrochemistery, in Encyclopedia of Sensors, Volume 3, Grime, Dickey Pishko (Eds), 2006 pp 255-299; http://www.aspbs.com/eos.html
4. Recent advances in the role of nanostructured networks as analytical tools for biological systems, Encyclopedia of sensors for biomedical applications, Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite edition) 5: 2013 pg 622-642, DOI No:10.2741/E644